To provide the 5+5 Defense Ministers with an instrument of thinking , analysis and forecasting, allowing them explore any issue related to the Western Mediterranean, aiming at  reinforcing  the common act of the partners, to facilitate the development of a new conception for regional security by providing the experts and researchers from Europe and the Maghreb with a space to exchange experiences and works on solutions to common security problems, to contribute towards the strengthening of confidence-building measures by producing an objective research activity, highlighting the real causes of insecurity and the key issues and strategic challenges facing the Western Mediterranean.